Most of us have a friend, loved one, or acquaintance affected by autism. I’m not sure if this would have been accurate a generation ago.
And I’m not merely referring to the lack of proper diagnosis of the problem. There are numerous reports that its frequency is increasing.
Autism is not necessarily debilitating. In minor cases it’s barely noticeable. Like many problems, its severity is manifested across a wide spectrum.
I have autism on my mind now, as the new school year approaches and my wife sets up her special education classroom. She’s excited about the return of her precious kids. It’s wonderful how so many of them make amazing process both in academics and social abilities.
The return of school, however, is not the primary reason for my current thoughts. I’m writing an article I hope to submit to an Autism magazine, inspired by a recent interview I conducted.
I was privileged to speak at length with the father of a severely autistic son who will be known to many readers of Mere Inkling. William Christopher, who played Father Mulcahy on M*A*S*H, has been a prominent spokesman for autism concerns for many years. (A link to the article appears below.)
Along with his wife Barbara, Christopher wrote a book entitled Mixed Blessings. It recounted their early struggles providing Ned with everything he needed to make his life as full as it could possibly be. Due to their diligence and deep love for their son, Ned continues to enjoy his active life today.
They embody the noble type of earnest love C.S. Lewis describes in The Four Loves. There he says that true love is gift-love, not seeking increased dependence on itself, but liberating the beloved to become as independent as they possibly can.
The maternal instinct . . . is a Gift-love, but one that needs to give; therefore needs to be needed. But the proper aim of giving is to put the recipient in a state where he no longer needs our gift. We feed children in order that they may soon be able to feed themselves; we teach them in order that they may soon not need our teaching.
Thus a heavy task is laid upon this Gift-love. It must work towards its own abdication. We must aim at making ourselves superfluous. The hour when we can say “They need me no longer” should be our reward. But the instinct, simply in its own nature, has no power to fulfil this law.
The instinct desires the good of its object, but not simply; only the good it can itself give. A much higher love—a love which desires the good of the object as such, from whatever source that good comes—must step in and help or tame the instinct before it can make the abdication.
This despite the counsel of one early specialist who advised them that since Ned was adopted they should just take him and trade him in for a child who wasn’t defective. Yes, someone really said that to them.
If I end up publishing the article, I’ll mention it again for those who might be interested in reading it. In the meantime, the extensive interview appears in the current issue of a journal I edit for military chaplains, called Curtana: Sword of Mercy.
When we look at a list of autistic traits, it’s normal to recognize some of them in ourselves. That shouldn’t surprise us, since most of these traits are completely “normal” in various degrees.
It is a commonplace practice to perform posthumous diagnoses of well known figures, based upon detailed descriptions of their behaviors. In that vein, I found online lists that included the following personages as possibly autistic: Thomas Jefferson, Albert Einstein, James Joyce, Stanley Kubrick, Lewis Carroll, and Hans Christian Andersen.
Oh, and there’s another name I discovered in one article. The writer suggested that C.S. Lewis’ social preferences suggest that he too suffered the mild version of autism, typically called “Asperger’s Syndrome.”
I don’t intend to discuss that now, but I wanted to share a fascinating concept I encountered while researching for this column. In Autism, Art and Children: The Stories We Draw, I read the following about imaginary worlds like Narnia and Middle Earth:
It is this element of world building that forms a bridge between the impersonal character of research and clinical observations and the individual young artists with autism in whom our interest especially lies.
Sacks (1995) points out the importance of fantasy worlds to some individuals with autism . . . this predilection for alternate worlds is frequently encountered in many high-functioning people with autism . . . such high-functioning individuals with autism “describe a great fondness for, almost an addiction to, alternative worlds, imaginary worlds such as those of C.S. Lewis and Tolkien, or worlds they imagine themselves.”
Illustrating such world-building activities by an entire family (two parents and their son), all of whom have autism, Sacks remarks, “They have spent years constructing an imaginary world with its own landscapes and geography (endlessly mapped and drawn), its own languages, currency, laws, and customs—a world in which fantasy and rigidity play equal parts.”
This creative activity is of particular interest, for many of the children we have met have individual fantasies in alternative worlds that play major roles in their lives and activities.
I find this analysis captivating. I am utterly fascinated by the construction of imaginary settings. That’s one reason I love the alternate history genre, as it combines the familiar with elements that have transformed them into something inherently different.
I must confess I’ve occupied many an idle hour imaging new worlds. I’ve even invested a fair amount of time in world-building myself—for an alternative history for which I still compile notes and ideas, despite the fact it’s unlikely to ever be written. I don’t attribute this to autism, but it serves as another example of just how much all of us have in common.
The fact is none of us is perfectly healthy—physically, emotionally, psychologically, or spiritually. We are who we are. We can strive to improve many aspects of our lives (and the wellbeing of others), but attaining perfection is impossible in this life.
In the meantime, we can be grateful for wonderful people like Barbara and Bill Christopher, who have courageously shared their own journey to aid us in ours. Their willingness to forsake their rightful shield of privacy and step out into the glare of the public—for our benefit—reveals both their love for their children and their generosity towards strangers.
The wonderful photograph at the top of the column features Bill and Barbara Christopher. Barbara had a guest role as a nurse in “Dear Mildred,” during which the two of them sang a duet.
The interview with Bill Christopher can be downloaded for free in the current issue of Curtana: Sword of Mercy, which is available here.
14 thoughts on “Autistic Considerations”
A family in our church recently lost their 12-year old autistic son, so it’s been on my mind lately, too. It’s very interesting how many autistic persons are also very creative. Perhaps you’ve seen the HBO movie “Temple Grandin.” Clare Danes plays Temple Grandin in an amazing performance. Dr. Temple Grandin has done incredible work in promoting animal welfare. The movie does a marvelous job of showing the way she actually thinks in pictures. When trying to see things from a cow’s perspective, she got down on hands and knees and realized how different things look from the cow’s perspective; this really shaped her work, as did her own needs which enabled her to be sensitive to animals in a very special way.
We are so quick to label things as “disabilities” when they might actually bring some positive things with them. It’s all in our point of view.
I’m so sorry for the family you mentioned. I pray God comforts them in their loss.
That movie you refer to, but coincidentally we already have it in our netflix list. They have a copy of the movie trailer available here:
My housekeeper has 3 autistic children and one that is academicly brilliant. It is such a sad situation as South Africa doesn’t have specialist care available for the children.
I’m sorry to hear they don’t have special education opportunities there in South Africa. Hopefully someday soon. When I read this, my first reaction was that she may have four brilliant children, three of whom have difficulty communicating that fact.
We have friends with autistic children ranging in age from to teenagers to 40+. These kids are such a mystery – especially because the each individual may be affected differently – some are quite brilliant. They can also be a real handful as they grow into teens. If they ever manage to break through that communication barrier, maybe help given would be more efficient. Educating kids has come a long way – the concern for many of our friends is making sure there is a safety net for the kids as parents age.
Thanks for the heads up about the HBO film and that link to the interview. Will be looking forward to your article.
All teenagers are a handful! That’s why I can’t understand anyone wanting to teach middle school. (God bless them.) Yes, as we age our concerns shift and some of my own friends are concerned about the same matters. Our children are blessed to have someone watching out for their futures, even after we are “gone.”
Middle school kids are the best and most fun to teach, but you have to really like them or better go elsewhere – they are all so fragile.
But yes, God bless all those in the classrooms. They have such a task.
One of my brothers has Ausberger’s. You should see his artwork. He’s sold some and I keep encouraging him to illustrate a fairy tale and make some serious money, but right now he’s in rehab trying to get his life straightened out.
I love the fantasy world connection. It makes a lot of sense. My brother’s favorite world growing up was Redwall. He obsessed about it far more than I ever did about Narnia, etc. Even today his art is totally out of this world: just a little uncomfortable but gorgeous.
PS Middle schoolers are the most fun. They still like legos but can think!
That’s neat to hear about your brother’s talent. I’ll say a prayer for him now, that his current program will be successful.
Their ability “to think” might be the scariest thing about middle schoolers!
Thank you, Mom and Dad are at their wits end.
LOL about middle schoolers! :-D
My younger brother probably has Asperger’s syndrome. And he’s a pretty big Tolkien fan. Except that his sense of humor has unfortunately been informed by Calvin and Hobbes comics, so his favorite Tolkien character is the Balrog in LOTR.
Funny! I have to say I share your brother’s fondness of both Tolkien and Calvin and Hobbes! And, I wouldn’t call the balrog my “favorite” character in LOTR, but he is breathtakingly awesome!
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